Home of The GD&T Hierarchy

GD&T is as Easy as 1, 2, & 3

The GD&T Reference Center

A Virtual Knowledge Base of GD&T

GD&T Training Options

On-Site, Webinars and Computer Based

GD&T Online Store

Textbooks, Workbooks, Wallcharts, Pocket Guides, 3D Models, etc.

Worldwide GD&T Training

GD&T training in English, Spanish, Portuguese and Mandarin

GD&T Symbol - Perpendicularity

Back to GD&T Symbols

Y14.5M-1994 [6.6.4], Y14.5-2009 [6.3.3], Y14.5-2018 [3.46]

GD&T Symbol - Perpendicularity

The perpendicularity tolerance applied to a flat surface is specified by placing the feature control frame on an extension or leader line.

GD&T Symbol - Perpendicularity

In this case, the tolerance zone is a pair of parallel planes 0.1 mm apart. The tolerance zone is perfectly perpendicular to the datum plane A. The tolerance zone may be thought of as a flatness tolerance zone that is oriented at exactly 90 degrees to the datum.

GD&T Symbol - Perpendicularity

Where perpendicularity is applied to a size dimension, the tolerance applies to the axis or center plane of the feature of size. Because it is associated with a feature of size, the MMC and LMC modifiers are allowed. Perpendicularity is usually used to control a secondary or tertiary datum feature to higher precedent datums. The perpendicularity tolerance zone is at 90° to the datum plane(s) or axis. It may be used to control the perpendicularity of a feature better than the control provided by:

  • position
  • profile of a surface

GD&T Symbol - Perpendicularity